Anotheca spinosa – Spiny-headed treefrog
IUCN redlist status: Least concern
Panama’s Ministry of Environment: High priority
This species is found in eastern Mexico, eastern Honduras, central Costa Rica and central Panama, but has a very fragmented range. This species occurs in lowland rainforests and montane humid forest, where it lays eggs in treeholes and adults tend the young, laying unfertilized eggs for the tadpoles.
Status in the wild: This is a protected species in Mexico, and a high priority conservation species in Panama’s National Amphibian Conservation Action Plan. This species has disappeared from most upland sites in Panama and is thought to be susceptible to the amphibian Pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis that causes chytridiomycosis.
Status in captivity: An ex-situ population of this species is breeding at the El Valle Amphibian Conservation Center in Panama, and has been very successfully bred, but the target founding population remains incomplete. Some individuals are maintained and bred at US zoos and aquariums but they are not managed as part of a species survival plan. The Costa Rican Amphibian Research Center has an in-situ effort to supplement natural breeding sites with artificial ones.