Gastrotheca cornuta – Horned marsupial frog
IUCN redlist status: Endangered
Panama National Amphibian Conservation Action Plan: High Priority
This species occurs in humid lowland and premontane forests from central Costa Rica, Panama, & Colombia, to western Ecuador. It lives in trees and the female carries fertilized eggs in a pouch on her back, hence the name marsupial frog. The large eggs develop directly and hatch as fully developed frogs.
Status in the wild: This species has declined significantly throughout its range. It is thought to be highly susceptible to chytridiomycosis, and habitat modification for agriculture. This species is listed as a high priority for conservation in Panama’s National Amphibian Conservation Action Plan.
Status in captivity: A full target founding population of this species is breeding successfully at the El Valle Amphibian Conservation Center in Panama.