Treefrogs (Family: Hylidae)
There are over 800 mostly arboreal species in this family of frogs. They are well adapted to climb trees and usually have adhesive toe discs that help them to move around the vegetation. There are many reproductive modes in this family, some species lay their eggs on vegetation overhanging water and when the larvae hatch, they drop into the pond below, while others will lay their eggs in tree-holes or bromeliads.
Conservation Score: 56 (very high priority)
Status in Wild: Critically Endangered due to projected populations declines greater than 80% in 3 generations. Projections inferred from declines elsewhere in its range, probably due to chytridiomycosis.
Status in Captivity: 14 individuals present in EVACC facility, and present in US facilities. Relatively easy to keep and breed in captivity, but captive status not yet secure.
Range: Costa Rica, Panama and Columbia (400-1,600m).
Habitat: Arboreal species occurring in undisturbed lowland and montane forest.
Reproduction: They lay their eggs on vegetation overhanging streams and larvae drop into water when they hatch.
Conservation Score: 52 (very high priority)
Status in Wild: Critically Endangered due to projected populations declines greater than 80% in 3 generations. Disappeared from Western Panama.
Status in Captivity: Around 30 individuals being maintained in captivity at the Summit Municipal Park. Captive husbandry for this species is notoriously difficult.
Range: Atlantic slopes of Costa Rica, Panama, possibly Columbia (up to 1,116m).
Habitat: Arboreal species occurring in montane, cloud and humid lowland forest.
Reproduction: Breeding and larval development in fast-flowing forest streams. Tadpoles have pronounced oral disc for gripping rocks.
Conservation Score: 36 (moderate priority)
Status in Wild: Listed as least concern due to wide distribution.
Status in Captivity: 3 specimens in EVACC facility. Also present in US zoos.
Range: Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador (100-1,600 m).
Habitat: Lowland and montane forest.
Reproduction: Larvae develop in rocky streams. Hyloscirtus palmeri call.